How can you apply to become a Canadian citizen?

To apply to become a Canadian citizen, you must follow the six steps below.

1. Download an application form.

You must fill in the
“Application for Canadian Citizenship under Subsection 5(1) – Adults” form, unless you are applying for children, in which case you need a separate form for each child. The child’s form is entitled “Application for Canadian Citizenship under Paragraph 5(2)(a) – Minors.”

Download Forms

2. Read the guide "Application for Canadian Citizenship" before you fill out the form.

Please read the instructions contained in the guide carefully before completing the citizenship application form. The fee for processing your form and your children’s forms is not refundable, so make sure you are ready to become a citizen before applying.

Download the Guide

3. Complete the application form and attach the necessary documents.

Fill in the form and attach photocopies of your documents. You may be asked for the original documents at the citizenship test, so don't forget to bring them with you at that time. It will be mentioned in your invitation to the test.

These are the documents you need to include with your adult application:

A photocopy of your Canadian immigration document called the
Record of Landing (IMM 1000) or your Permanent Resident Card.

Read more about PR Cards

A photocopy of
two pieces of identification, such as your driver’s licence or your health insurance card.

Two colour or black-and-white photographs of yourself that were taken in the past year.

You can download here the instructions for the photographer. Print it out and bring it with you to your photographer. In most cases, they know what the requirements are. The photographs must be stamped on the back with the photographer’s name and address and the date the photographs were taken. You cannot wear a head covering when this photograph is taken unless you need to because of your religion. You must sign the bottom of the photographs on the white strip under the picture. Make sure you sign your usual signature. Check the application form for more important information about the photographs. Children who are 14 or older must also sign their photographs.

read more about Photographs

A non-refundable processing fee and a refundable Right of Citizenship fee must be paid at the time of application. The fees can be paid at most financial institutions in Canada and the original receipt form (IMM 5401) must be submitted with the application. An original receipt form can be obtained by using the on-line order form here.

Read more about the Fees

If you are applying for a child, you must include a copy of a legal document (for example, the child’s birth certificate or legal adoption papers) that shows the names of the parents, or a passport listing the children. You will also need to submit the child’s immigration papers, two pieces of identification, photographs and the fee.

If your documents are not in English or French, you must provide
the original document, a translation of it and an affidavit from the person who completed the translation. Translations by family members are not acceptable.

Read more about acceptable Translations

4. Mail the form and documents to the Case Processing Centre.

After you have completed the application form, you must mail it in the pre-addressed envelope to:

Case Processing Centre

Citizenship and Immigration Canada
P.O. Box 7000
Sydney, Nova Scotia  B1P 6V6

How to mail your application

Don't forget to

sign and date the form and sign your photographs;
include the receipt of payment (form IMM 5401);
include your application;
include your photographs; and
include photocopies of all your documents.

If you have printed the application form from the Web site, you will have to provide your own envelope to send the documents to the Case Processing Centre. If you are applying for more than one person, you should submit all the forms and documents in the same envelope. You may also provide a receipt for the entire family.

What happens next?